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29 août 2021

Dans cette fiche, travaillons sur la conjugaison de work en anglais, et profitons-en pour en étudier les définitions, synonymes, expressions liées et phrasal verbs !

Tableaux de conjugaison de work en anglais

Conjugaison du verbe work à l’indicatif

Le verbe work au present simple

  • I work
  • You work
  • He/she/it works
  • We work
  • You work
  • They work

Le verbe work au present continuous

  • I am working
  • You are working
  • He/she/it is working
  • We are working
  • You are working
  • They are working

Le verbe work au past simple

  • I worked
  • You worked
  • He/she/it worked
  • We worked
  • You worked
  • They worked

Le verbe work au past continuous

  • I was working
  • You were working
  • He/she/it was working
  • We were working
  • You were working
  • They were working

Le verbe work au present perfect

  • I have worked
  • You have worked
  • He/she/it has worked
  • We have worked
  • You have worked
  • They have worked

Le verbe work au present perfect continuous

  • I have been working
  • You have been working
  • He/she/it has been working
  • We have been working
  • You have been working
  • They have been working

Le verbe work au past perfect

  • I had worked
  • You had worked
  • He/she/it had worked
  • We had worked
  • You had worked
  • They had worked

Le verbe work au past perfect continuous

  • I had been working
  • You had been working
  • He/she/it had been working
  • We had been working
  • You had been working
  • They had been working

Le verbe work au future

  • I will work
  • You will work
  • He/she/it will work
  • We will work
  • You will work
  • They will work

Le verbe work au future continuous

  • I will be working
  • You will be working
  • He/she/it will be working
  • We will be working
  • You will be working
  • They will be working

Le verbe work au future perfect

  • I will have worked
  • You will have worked
  • He/she/it will have worked
  • We will have worked
  • You will have worked
  • They will have worked

Le verbe work au future perfect continuous

  • I will have been working
  • You will have been working
  • He/she/it will have been working
  • We will have been working
  • You will have been working
  • They will have been working

Conjugaison du verbe work au conditionnel

Le verbe work au conditional present

  • I would work
  • You would work
  • He/she/it would work
  • We would work
  • You would work
  • They would work

Le verbe work au conditional present continuous

  • I would be working
  • You would be working
  • He/she/it would be working
  • We would be working
  • You would be working
  • They would be working

Le verbe work au conditional perfect

  • I would have worked
  • You would have worked
  • He/she/it would have worked
  • We would have worked
  • You would have worked
  • They would have worked

Le verbe work au conditional perfect continuous

  • I would have been working
  • You would have been working
  • He/she/it would have been working
  • We would have been working
  • You would have been working
  • They would have been working

Les autres formes

L’infinitif de work

  • to work

Participe présent de work

  • working

Participe passé de work

  • worked

L’impératif de work

  • work
  • let’s work

Définition de work en anglais

Que veut dire le verbe work en anglais ?

Le Cambridge Dictionary donne plusieurs définitions du verbe work.

Penchons-nous sur les principales :

1. To be effective or successful

Her idea for reorganizing the department will never work in practice.
→ Son idée de réorganiser le département ne marchera jamais dans la pratique.

2. To do a job, especially the job you do to earn money

He works at the hospital.
→ Il travaille à l’hôpital.

3. To make a person or animal do a job

Many of the animals were worked to death.
→ On a exploité nombre de ces animaux jusqu’à la mort.

4. If a machine or device works, it operates, especially correctly and without failure, and if you work it, you make it operate

Our phone isn’t working.
→ Notre téléphone ne fonctionne pas.

5. To succeed gradually in becoming something or cause a person or thing to become something, either by making an effort or by making many small movements

The screws had worked loose over time.
→ Les vis s’étaient desserrées avec le temps.

6. To arrange for something to happen, especially by not using official methods and/or by being clever

I don’t know how she worked it, but she retired at 50.
→ Je ne sais pas comment elle s’y est prise, mais elle est partie à la retraite à 50 ans.

7. To shape, change, or process a substance

Gently work the butter into the flour until there are no lumps left.
→ Incorporez délicatement le beurre à la farine jusqu’à ce qu’il n’y ait plus de grumeaux.

Pour accéder à l’intégralité de la page du Cambridge Dictionary, cliquez ici !

Les phrasal verbs avec work en anglais

Rappel : les phrasal verbs (ou “verbes à particule”) sont des verbes qui, lorsqu’ils sont suivis d’un autre mot (la particule), voient leur sens initial complété ou modifié.

Voici les principaux phrasal verbs formés sur le verbe work :

  • work against somebody/something → jouer en défaveur de quelqu’un/quelque chose
  • work around something → contourner
  • work on somebody (familier) → travailler au corps
  • work on something → travailler sur
  • work out → faire du sport/de l’exercice/de la musculation
  • work somebody out (familier) → comprendre/cerner
  • work somebody over (familier) → tabasser/rouer de coups
  • work somebody up → exciter/énerver
  • work something down → faire baisser (un prix)
  • work something in → dégager du temps pour/trouver un créneau pour
  • work something in → introduire lentement/insérer petit à petit
  • work something off → brûler/dépenser (des calories, par exemple)
  • work something out (familier) → calculer
  • work something out → résoudre/trouver une solution
  • work through something → examiner
  • work up something → préparer/élaborer/concocter
  • work up to something (familier) → essayer de trouver le courage de

Les synonymes de work en anglais

En fonction du contexte, vous pouvez remplacer le verbe to work par l’un des verbes suivants :

  • achieve → accomplir/réussir
  • cram (familier) → bûcher/potasser
  • function → fonctionner
  • graft (familier) → travailler dur/bosser dur
  • labor → travailler dur
  • perform → accomplir/mener à bien
  • run → fonctionner/marcher
  • slave → trimer
  • slog (familier) → turbiner/se décarcasser
  • swot → bûcher/potasser

Expressions avec work en anglais

  • all in a day’s work (familier) → je n’ai fait que mon travail
  • be approved to work → être jugé apte à travailler
  • blood work (nom) → analyse de sang
  • do the dirty work (argot) → se taper le sale boulot
  • donkey work (nom familier) → le gros du travail/travail ingrat/sale boulot
  • get down to work (familier) → se mettre au boulot
  • have your work cut out for you (familier) → avoir du pain sur la planche
  • keep up the good work → continuer comme ça
  • men at work → attention travaux (panneau routier)
  • out-of-work (adjectif) → au chômage
  • work like a charm (familier) → fonctionner/marcher à merveille
  • work like mad (familier) → bosser comme un malade
  • work somebody into a frenzy → exciter quelqu’un
  • work up an appetite → se mettre en appétit
  • work wonders → faire des miracles
  • work yourself up → s’énerver

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