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20 août 2021

Quelle est la conjugaison de sleep en anglais ? Et quels sont les différents synonymes, définitions, expressions et phrasal verbs autour de ce mot ?

Tableaux de conjugaison de sleep en anglais

Conjugaison du verbe sleep à l’indicatif

Le verbe sleep au present simple

  • I sleep
  • You sleep
  • He/she/it sleeps
  • We sleep
  • You sleep
  • They sleep

Le verbe sleep au present continuous

  • I am sleeping
  • You are sleeping
  • He/she/it is sleeping
  • We are sleeping
  • You are sleeping
  • They are sleeping

Le verbe sleep au past simple

  • I slept
  • You slept
  • He/she/it slept
  • We slept
  • You slept
  • They slept

Le verbe sleep au past continuous

  • I was sleeping
  • You were sleeping
  • He/she/it was sleeping
  • We were sleeping
  • You were sleeping
  • They were sleeping

Le verbe sleep au present perfect

  • I have slept
  • You have slept
  • He/she/it has slept
  • We have slept
  • You have slept
  • They have slept

Le verbe sleep au present perfect continuous

  • I have been sleeping
  • You have been sleeping
  • He/she/it has been sleeping
  • We have been sleeping
  • You have been sleeping
  • They have been sleeping

Le verbe sleep au past perfect

  • I had slept
  • You had slept
  • He/she/it had slept
  • We had slept
  • You had slept
  • They had slept

Le verbe sleep au past perfect continuous

  • I had been sleeping
  • You had been sleeping
  • He/she/it had been sleeping
  • We had been sleeping
  • You had been sleeping
  • They had been sleeping

Le verbe sleep au future

  • I will sleep
  • You will sleep
  • He/she/it will sleep
  • We will sleep
  • You will sleep
  • They will sleep

Le verbe sleep au future continuous

  • I will be sleeping
  • You will be sleeping
  • He/she/it will be sleeping
  • We will be sleeping
  • You will be sleeping
  • They will be sleeping

Le verbe sleep au future perfect

  • I will have slept
  • You will have slept
  • He/she/it will have slept
  • We will have slept
  • You will have slept
  • They will have slept

Le verbe sleep au future perfect continuous

  • I will have been sleeping
  • You will have been sleeping
  • He/she/it will have been sleeping
  • We will have been sleeping
  • You will have been sleeping
  • They will have been sleeping

Conjugaison du verbe sleep au conditionnel

Le verbe sleep au conditional present

  • I would sleep
  • You would sleep
  • He/she/it would sleep
  • We would sleep
  • You would sleep
  • They would sleep

Le verbe sleep au conditional present continuous

  • I would be sleeping
  • You would be sleeping
  • He/she/it would be sleeping
  • We would be sleeping
  • You would be sleeping
  • They would be sleeping

Le verbe sleep au conditional perfect

  • I would have slept
  • You would have slept
  • He/she/it would have slept
  • We would have slept
  • You would have slept
  • They would have slept

Le verbe sleep au conditional perfect continuous

  • I would have been sleeping
  • You would have been sleeping
  • He/she/it would have been sleeping
  • We would have been sleeping
  • You would have been sleeping
  • They would have been sleeping

Les autres formes

L’infinitif de sleep

  • to sleep

Participe présent de sleep

  • sleeping

Participe passé de sleep

  • slept

L’impératif de sleep

  • sleep
  • let’s sleep

Définition de sleep en anglais

Que veut dire le verbe sleep en anglais ?

Le Cambridge Dictionary donne plusieurs définitions du verbe sleep.

Penchons-nous sur les principales :

1. To be in the state of rest when your eyes are closed, your body is not active, and your mind is unconscious

I couldn’t sleep because of all the noise next door.
→ Je n’ai pas pu dormir à cause de tout le bruit à côté.

2. If a vehicle, tent, etc. sleeps a particular number of people, it provides enough space or beds for that number of people to be able to sleep in it

The tent sleeps four comfortably.
→ La tente peut accueillir quatre personnes confortablement.

Pour accéder à l’intégralité de la page du Cambridge Dictionary, cliquez ici !

Les phrasal verbs avec sleep en anglais

Rappel : les phrasal verbs (ou “verbes à particule”) sont des verbes qui, lorsqu’ils sont suivis d’un autre mot (la particule), voient leur sens initial complété ou modifié.

Voici les principaux phrasal verbs formés sur le verbe sleep :

  • sleep around → coucher à droite à gauche
  • sleep in → faire la grasse matinée
  • sleep over → passer la nuit chez quelqu’un/rester dormir chez quelqu’un (familier)
  • sleep something off → dormir pour faire passer quelque chose (comme une cuite, parexemple…)

Les synonymes de sleep en anglais

En fonction du contexte, vous pouvez remplacer le verbe to sleep par l’un des verbes suivants :

  • bunk → dormir
  • crash out → s’endormir/tomber de sommeil
  • doze → somnoler
  • drowse → somnoler
  • nap → faire la sieste
  • repose → se reposer
  • rest → se reposer
  • slumber → dormir
  • snooze → piquer un somme

Expressions avec sleep en anglais

  • eternal sleep → repos éternel/sommeil éternel (mort)
  • put something to sleep → faire piquer (un animal)/euthanasier
  • sleep like a log → dormir comme un loir/comme un bébé
  • sleep mode (nom) → mode veille (informatique)
  • sleep on it → la nuit porte conseil
  • sleep with one eye open → ne dormir que d’un œil
  • sleep-talk → parler en dormant

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