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23 juillet 2021

De la conjugaison de keep en anglais à ses définitions, synonymes, expressions et phrasal verbs, voici tout ce qu’il faut savoir sur ce verbe !

Tableaux de conjugaison de keep en anglais

Conjugaison du verbe keep à l’indicatif

Le verbe keep au present simple

  • I keep
  • You keep
  • He/she/it keeps
  • We keep
  • You keep
  • They keep

Le verbe keep au present continuous

  • I am keeping
  • You are keeping
  • He/she/it is keeping
  • We are keeping
  • You are keeping
  • They are keeping

Le verbe keep past simple

  • I kept
  • You kept
  • He/she/it kept
  • We kept
  • You kept
  • They kept

Le verbe keep au past continuous

  • I was keeping
  • You were keeping
  • He/she/it was keeping
  • We were keeping
  • You were keeping
  • They were keeping

Le verbe keep au present perfect

  • I have kept
  • You have kept
  • He/she/it has kept
  • We have kept
  • You have kept
  • They have kept

Le verbe keep au present perfect continuous

  • I have been keeping
  • You have been keeping
  • He/she/it has been keeping
  • We have been keeping
  • You have been keeping
  • They have been keeping

Le verbe keep au past perfect

  • I had kept
  • You had kept
  • He/she/it had kept
  • We had kept
  • You had kept
  • They had kept

Le verbe keep au past perfect continuous

  • I had been keeping
  • You had been keeping
  • He/she/it had been keeping
  • We had been keeping
  • You had been keeping
  • They had been keeping

Le verbe keep au future

  • I will keep
  • You will keep
  • He/she/it will keep
  • We will keep
  • You will keep
  • They will keep

Le verbe keep au future continuous

  • I will be keeping
  • You will be keeping
  • He/she/it will be keeping
  • We will be keeping
  • You will be keeping
  • They will be keeping

Le verbe keep au future perfect

  • I will have kept
  • You will have kept
  • He/she/it will have kept
  • We will have kept
  • You will have kept
  • They will have kept

Le verbe keep au future perfect continuous

  • I will have been keeping
  • You will have been keeping
  • He/she/it will have been keeping
  • We will have been keeping
  • You will have been keeping
  • They will have been keeping

Conjugaison du verbe keep au conditionnel

Le verbe keep au conditional present

  • I would keep
  • You would keep
  • He/she/it would keep
  • We would keep
  • You would keep
  • They would keep

Le verbe keep au conditional present continuous

  • I would be keeping
  • You would be keeping
  • He/she/it would be keeping
  • We would be keeping
  • You would be keeping
  • They would be keeping

Le verbe keep au conditional perfect

  • I would have kept
  • You would have kept
  • He/she/it would have kept
  • We would have kept
  • You would have kept
  • They would have kept

Le verbe keep au conditional perfect continuous

  • I would have been keeping
  • You would have been keeping
  • He/she/it would have been keeping
  • We would have been keeping
  • You would have been keeping
  • They would have been keeping

Les autres formes

L’infinitif de keep

  • to keep

Participe présent de keep

  • keeping

Participe passé de keep

  • kept

L’impératif de keep

  • keep
  • let’s keep

À l’image de to feel, to have, to go et to catch, to keep est un verbe irrégulier. Vous devez donc faire particulièrement attention aux terminaisons du passé.

Définition de keep en anglais

Que veut dire le verbe keep en anglais ?

Le Cambridge Dictionary donne plusieurs définitions du verbe keep.

Penchons-nous sur les principales :

1. To have or continue to have in your possession

Oh, I love it! Can I keep it?
→ Oh, je l’adore ! Est-ce que je peux le garder ?

2. To own and manage a small shop

He kept a grocery store for years.
→ Il a tenu une épicerie pendant des années.

3. If you keep animals, you own and take care of them, but not in your home as pets

They keep cows to sell their milk.
→ Ils élèvent des vaches pour vendre leur lait.

4. To watch and care for someone’s children while their parents are away

Occasionally, a babysitter kept the children at home.
→ Occasionnellement, une baby-sitter gardait les enfants à la maison.

5. To stay in a particular place or condition

It’s a perfect activity to keep them busy.
→ C’est une activité parfaite pour les occuper.

6. To continue doing something without stopping, or to do it repeatedly

He keeps trying to distract me.
→ Il essaie constamment de me distraire.

7. To delay someone or prevent them from doing something

It’s late, I don’t want to keep you up.
→ Il se fait tard, je ne veux pas t’empêcher de dormir.

8. If you say that news or information for someone can keep, you mean that you can tell it to them later

Don’t tell him! He can’t keep a secret.
→ Ne lui dis pas ! Il ne sait pas garder un secret.

9. To stay fresh and in good condition (of food)

Eggs keep longer than meat.
→ Les oeufs se conservent plus longtemps que la viande.

10. To provide yourself or another person with food, clothing, a home, and other things necessary for basic living

I keep my family in food and clean clothes.
→ Je subviens aux besoins de ma famille en nourriture et vêtements propres.

Pour accéder à l’intégralité de la page du Cambridge Dictionary, cliquez ici !

Les phrasal verbs avec keep en anglais

Rappel : les phrasal verbs (ou “verbes à particule”) sont des verbes qui, lorsqu’ils sont suivis d’un autre mot (la particule), voient leur sens initial complété ou modifié.

Il existe beaucoup de phrasal verbs formés sur le verbe keep :

  • keep ahead → garder une longueur d’avance
  • keep at something → poursuivre, continuer, persévérer
  • keep off → s’abstenir (de faire quelque chose)
  • keep off something → ne pas s’approcher de quelque chose
  • keep on doing something → continuer à faire quelque chose
  • keep out → ne pas entrer, rester dehors
  • keep somebody under → opprimer, assujettir
  • keep somebody up → empêcher quelqu’un de dormir
  • keep somebody/something out → empêcher quelqu’un d’entrer
  • keep something back → mettre de côté (familier, dans le sens d’économiser de l’argent)
  • keep something down → maintenir quelque chose à un bas niveau
  • keep something in → réprimer, contenir, retenir (une émotion)
  • keep something/somebody back → empêcher quelqu’un/quelque chose de s’approcher
  • keep together → rester ensemble, rester groupés
  • keep up → suivre
  • keep up with something → se tenir au courant de quelque chose

Les synonymes de keep en anglais

En fonction du contexte, vous pouvez remplacer le verbe to keep par l’un des verbes suivants :

  • conserve → conserver
  • detain → retenir, détenir
  • own → posséder, détenir
  • pile → empiler, amasser
  • possess → posséder
  • retain → garder, conserver
  • save → garder, sauvegarder
  • stash → mettre de côté
  • store → garder, entreposer

Expressions avec keep en anglais

  • keep a check on something/somebody → surveiller, garder un œil sur quelque chose/quelqu’un (familier)
  • keep a close watch on somebody/something → surveiller attentivement
  • keep a leg up → rester devant, rester en tête (familier)
  • keep a low profile → faire profil bas, se montrer discret, raser les murs
  • keep a promise → tenir une promesse
  • keep a stiff upper lip → rester impassible, imperturbable
  • keep afloat → se maintenir à flot
  • keep an eye on something/somebody → garder un œil sur quelque chose ou quelqu’un(familier)
  • keep an open mind → garder l’esprit ouvert
  • keep body and soul together → survivre, rester en vie
  • keep it up! → continue comme ça ! (interjection familière)
  • keep pace with somebody/something → suivre la cadence
  • keep somebody dangling → laisser quelqu’un dans le flou, faire languir quelqu’un (familier)
  • keep somebody in the dark → cacher quelque chose à quelqu’un
  • keep somebody on a leash → mener quelqu’un à la baguette (familier)
  • keep something in mind → ne pas oublier
  • keep something on the back burner → reléguer quelque chose au second plan
  • keep something ticking over → faire tourner quelque chose, faire marcher quelque chose
  • keep something under your hat → garder quelque chose pour soi (familier)
  • keep something/somebody at bay → tenir à distance, maintenir à distance (familier)
  • keep the change → garder la monnaie
  • keep within the bounds of something → respecter les limites de quelque chose
  • keep your chin up → garder le moral, ne pas se laisser abattre
  • keep your ear to the ground → être aux aguets, être à l’écoute
  • keep your eye on the ball → rester concentré
  • keep your nose clean → se tenir à carreau (familier)
  • keep your peace → se taire

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