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23 juillet 2021

Découvrez toute la conjugaison de know en anglais, mais également les définitions de ce verbe, ses synonymes, les phrasal verbs qui y sont liés, et les expressions qui l’emploient !

Tableaux de conjugaison de know en anglais

Conjugaison du verbe know à l’indicatif

Le verbe know au present simple

  • I know
  • You know
  • He/she/it knows
  • We know
  • You know
  • They know

Le verbe know au present continuous

  • I am knowing
  • You are knowing
  • He/she/it is knowing
  • We are knowing
  • You are knowing
  • They are knowing

Le verbe know past simple

  • I knew
  • You knew
  • He/she/it knew
  • We knew
  • You knew
  • They knew

Le verbe know au past continuous

  • I was knowing
  • You were knowing
  • He/she/it was knowing
  • We were knowing
  • You were knowing
  • They were knowing

Le verbe know au present perfect

  • I have known
  • You have known
  • He/she/it has known
  • We have known
  • You have known
  • They have known

Le verbe know au present perfect continuous

  • I have been knowing
  • You have been knowing
  • He/she/it has been knowing
  • We have been knowing
  • You have been knowing
  • They have been knowing

Le verbe know au past perfect

  • I had known
  • You had known
  • He/she/it had known
  • We had known
  • You had known
  • They had known

Le verbe know au past perfect continuous

  • I had been knowing
  • You had been knowing
  • He/she/it had been knowing
  • We had been knowing
  • You had been knowing
  • They had been knowing

Le verbe know au future

  • I will know
  • You will know
  • He/she/it will know
  • We will know
  • You will know
  • They will know

Le verbe know au future continuous

  • I will be knowing
  • You will be knowing
  • He/she/it will be knowing
  • We will be knowing
  • You will be knowing
  • They will be knowing

Le verbe know au future perfect

  • I will have known
  • You will have known
  • He/she/it will have known
  • We will have known
  • You will have known
  • They will have known

Le verbe know au future perfect continuous

  • I will have been knowing
  • You will have been knowing
  • He/she/it will have been knowing
  • We will have been knowing
  • You will have been knowing
  • They will have been knowing

Conjugaison du verbe know au conditionnel

Le verbe know au conditional present

  • I would know
  • You would know
  • He/she/it would know
  • We would know
  • You would know
  • They would know

Le verbe know au conditional present continuous

  • I would be knowing
  • You would be knowing
  • He/she/it would be knowing
  • We would be knowing
  • You would be knowing
  • They would be knowing

Le verbe know au conditional perfect

  • I would have known
  • You would have known
  • He/she/it would have known
  • We would have known
  • You would have known
  • They would have known

Le verbe know au conditional perfect continuous

  • I would have been knowing
  • You would have been knowing
  • He/she/it would have been knowing
  • We would have been knowing
  • You would have been knowing
  • They would have been knowing

Les autres formes

L’infinitif de know

  • to know

Participe présent de know

  • knowing

Participe passé de know

  • known

L’impératif de know

  • know
  • let’s know

À l’instar de to drive, to draw, to cut et to learn, to know est un verbe irrégulier. Il faut donc faire particulièrement attention au past simple et au participe passé.

Définition de know en anglais

Que veut dire le verbe know en anglais ?

Le Cambridge Dictionary donne plusieurs définitions du verbe know.

Penchons-nous sur les principales :

1. To have information in your mind

I don’t know why she was so angry.
→ Je ne sais pas pourquoi elle était si en colère.

2. Used to ask someone to tell you a piece of information

Do you know where the bus stop is?
→ Savez-vous où se trouve l’arrêt de bus ?

3. To be certain

We know that they lied to us.
→ Nous savons qu’ils nous ont menti.

4. To be familiar with or have experience and understanding of

They’ve known each other since 1997.
→ Ils se connaissent depuis 1997.

5. If you know a subject, you are familiar with it and understand it

He doesn’t know anything about politics.
→ Il ne connait rien à la politique.

6. If you know a language, you can speak and understand it

She knows Japanese and Korean.
→ Elle parle japonais et coréen.

7. To recognize someone or something

I know kindness when I see it.
→ Je sais reconnaître la gentillesse quand je la rencontre.

Pour accéder à l’intégralité de la page du Cambridge Dictionary, cliquez ici !

Les phrasal verbs avec know en anglais

Rappel : les phrasal verbs (ou “verbes à particule”) sont des verbes qui, lorsqu’ils sont suivis d’un autre mot (la particule), voient leur sens initial complété ou modifié.

Voici les principaux phrasal verbs formés sur le verbe know :

  • know about something → être au courant de/savoir tout de
  • know of somebody/something → entendre parler de quelqu’un/quelque chose
  • know something from something → distinguer quelque chose de quelque chose, faire ladifférence entre quelque chose et quelque chose

Les synonymes de know en anglais

En fonction du contexte, vous pouvez remplacer le verbe to know par l’un des verbes suivants :

  • comprehend → comprendre, saisir
  • discern → discerner, distinguer
  • experience → connaitre (un plaisir, par exemple)
  • feel → sentir, ressentir
  • notice → remarquer
  • perceive → percevoir
  • realize → se rendre compte de
  • recognize → reconnaître

Expressions avec know en anglais

  • as far as I know → pour autant que je sache
  • before you know it → en moins de temps qu’il ne faut pour le dire (familier)
  • for all I know → pour ce que j’en sais
  • get to know one another → apprendre à se connaître
  • good to know (adjectif) → bon à savoir
  • know a thing or two → en connaitre un rayon (familier)
  • know all the answers → avoir réponse à tout (familier)
  • know better → faire preuve de bon sens, de discernement (familier)
  • know no better → n’en avoir aucune idée
  • know something by heart → connaître quelque chose par cœur
  • know something for certain → être sûr de quelque chose
  • know the drill → savoir comment ça se passe, connaître le topo
  • know the ins and outs of something → connaître les tenants et aboutissants de quelque chose(familier)
  • know the ropes → connaître les ficelles
  • know the score → connaître la chanson (familier)
  • know which side your bread is buttered → savoir où est son intérêt
  • know your onions → savoir de quoi on parle, s’y connaître (familier)
  • know-it-all (nom) → Monsieur/Madame je-sais-tout
  • let somebody know → tenir quelqu’un au courant

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