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14 juin 2021

Modes, temps, définition, synonymes, expressions, et même un phrasal verb : ne perdez rien de la conjugaison de leave en anglais !

Tableaux de conjugaison de leave en anglais

Conjugaison du verbe leave à l’indicatif

Le verbe leave au present simple

  • I leave
  • You leave
  • He/she/it leaves
  • We leave
  • You leave
  • They leave

Le verbe leave au present continuous

  • I am leaving
  • You are leaving
  • He/she/it is leaving
  • We are leaving
  • You are leaving
  • They are leaving

Le verbe leave past simple

  • I left
  • You left
  • He/she/it left
  • We left
  • You left
  • They left

Le verbe leave au past continuous

  • I was leaving
  • You were leaving
  • He/she/it was leaving
  • We were leaving
  • You were leaving
  • They were leaving

Le verbe leave au present perfect

  • I have left
  • You have left
  • He/she/it has left
  • We have left
  • You have left
  • They have left

Le verbe leave au present perfect continuous

  • I have been leaving
  • You have been leaving
  • He/she/it has been leaving
  • We have been leaving
  • You have been leaving
  • They have been leaving

Le verbe leave au past perfect

  • I had left
  • You had left
  • He/she/it had left
  • We had left
  • You had left
  • They had left

Le verbe leave au past perfect continuous

  • I had been leaving
  • You had been leaving
  • He/she/it had been leaving
  • We had been leaving
  • You had been leaving
  • They had been leaving

Le verbe leave au future

  • I will leave
  • You will leave
  • He/she/it will leave
  • We will leave
  • You will leave
  • They will leave

Le verbe leave au future continuous

  • I will be leaving
  • You will be leaving
  • He/she/it will be leaving
  • We will be leaving
  • You will be leaving
  • They will be leaving

Le verbe leave au future perfect

  • I will have left
  • You will have left
  • He/she/it will have left
  • We will have left
  • You will have left
  • They will have left

Le verbe leave au future perfect continuous

  • I will have been leaving
  • You will have been leaving
  • He/she/it will have been leaving
  • We will have been leaving
  • You will have been leaving
  • They will have been leaving

Conjugaison du verbe leave au conditionnel

Le verbe leave au conditional present

  • I would leave
  • You would leave
  • He/she/it would leave
  • We would leave
  • You would leave
  • They would leave

Le verbe leave au conditional present continuous

  • I would be leaving
  • You would be leaving
  • He/she/it would be leaving
  • We would be leaving
  • You would be leaving
  • They would be leaving

Le verbe leave au conditional perfect

  • I would have left
  • You would have left
  • He/she/it would have left
  • We would have left
  • You would have left
  • They would have left

Le verbe leave au conditional perfect continuous

  • I would have been leaving
  • You would have been leaving
  • He/she/it would have been leaving
  • We would have been leaving
  • You would have been leaving
  • They would have been leaving

Les autres formes

L’infinitif de leave

  • to leave

Participe présent de leave

  • leaving

Participe passé de leave

  • left

L’impératif de leave

  • leave
  • let’s leave

Définition de leave en anglais

Que veut dire le verbe leave en anglais ?

Le Cambridge Dictionary donne plusieurs définitions du verbe leave.

Penchons-nous sur les principales :

1. To go away from someone or something, for a short time or permanently

I’ll be leaving at five o’clock tomorrow.
→ Je pars demain à cinq heures.

2. To not take something or someone with you when you go, either intentionally or by accident

Can I leave a message for Sue?
→ Puis-je laisser un message à Sue ?

3. If something leaves something else, a part or effect of it stays after it has gone or been used

His shoes left muddy marks on the floor.
→ Ses chaussures ont laissé des traces boueuses sur le sol.

4. If you leave something in a particular condition, you do not touch it, move it, or act to change it in any way, so that it stays in the same condition

Leave that chair where it is.
→ Laisse cette chaise où elle est.

5. If you leave something or someone doing something, he, she, or it is still doing it when you go away

He left the engine running.
→ Il a laissé tourner le moteur.

6. To not eat or use all of something

Are there any cookies left?
→ Est-ce qu’il reste des cookies ?

7. To stop doing something, or to leave a place because you have finished an activity

Many children leave school at 16.
→ Beaucoup d’enfants arrêtent l’école à 16 ans.

8. To end a relationship with a husband, wife, or partner and stop living with them

She left her husband for a younger man.
→ Elle a quitté son mari pour un homme plus jeune.

9. If you leave (doing) something, you wait before you do it

Don’t leave it too late.
→ Ne t’y prends pas trop tard.

10. To leave a wife, husband, or other close family member is to die while these family members are still alive

He left a wife and two children.
→ Il laisse derrière lui une femme et deux enfants.

11. If you leave something that you own to someone, you say they should receive it when you die

He left all his money to his nieces.
→ Il a légué tout son argent à ses nièces.

12. To allow someone to make a choice or decision about something, or to make someone responsible for something

I left the decision up to her.
→ Je lui ai laissé prendre la décision.

Pour accéder à l’intégralité de la page du Cambridge Dictionary, cliquez ici !

Les phrasal verbs avec leave en anglais

Rappel : les phrasal verbs (ou “verbes à particule”) sont des verbes qui, lorsqu’ils sont suivis d’un autre mot (la particule), voient leur sens initial complété ou modifié.

Voici les principaux phrasal verbs formés sur le verbe leave :

  • leave off → arrêter de (familier)
  • leave somebody out → exclure, mettre à l’écart quelqu’un
  • leave something out → oublier, omettre
  • leave something with somebody → laisser, confier quelque chose à quelqu’un
  • leave something/somebody behind → oublier, laisser (omettre d’apporter)

Les synonymes de leave en anglais

En fonction du contexte, vous pouvez remplacer le verbe to leave par l’un des verbes suivants :

  • abscond → s’enfuir, s’échapper, s’éclipser
  • bequeath → léguer
  • decamp → décamper (familier)
  • defect → fuir
  • desert → déserter
  • disappear → disparaître
  • elope → s’enfuir
  • escape → s’échapper
  • exit → sortir de, quitter
  • flee → fuir, s’enfuir
  • forsake → abandonner, délaisser
  • go → partir
  • quit → quitter (un programme)/démissionner
  • relinquish → quitter, abandonner
  • resign → démissionner
  • sally → sortir
  • vacate → quitter (un lieu ou un poste)
  • vamoose → filer, se tirer (familier)
  • vanish → disparaitre, se volatiliser

Expressions avec leave en anglais

  • go on leave → partir en congé
  • leave a lasting impression → faire forte impression/marquer les esprits
  • leave a sour taste → laisser un goût amer/rester en travers de la gorge
  • leave a tip → laisser un pourboire
  • leave much to be desired → laisser beaucoup à désirer
  • leave no stone unturned → chercher partout, remuer ciel et terre
  • leave somebody alone → laisser tranquille
  • leave somebody hanging → laisser dans le flou/dans l’expectative
  • leave somebody high and dry → laisser en plan, planter quelqu’un (familier)
  • leave somebody holding the bag → faire payer les pots cassés/faire porter le chapeau àquelqu’un
  • leave somebody in the dust → faire mordre la poussière à quelqu’un
  • leave somebody out in the cold → exclure, mettre à l’écart
  • leave the nest → quitter le nid (partir du domicile parental)
  • maternity leave (nom) → congé maternité
  • take French leave → filer à l’anglaise

À l’instar de to lead, to hold, to know et to hang, to leave est un verbe irrégulier. Il faut donc faire particulièrement attention au prétérit et au participe passé.

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