Le verbe speak en anglais : conjugaison, définition, synonymes et expressions

De la conjugaison de speak en anglais à ses définitions, synonymes, expressions et phrasal verbs, découvrez tout ce qu’il faut savoir sur ce mot !

Tableaux de conjugaison de speak en anglais

Conjugaison du verbe speak à l’indicatif

Le verbe speak au present simple

  • I speak
  • You speak
  • He/she/it speaks
  • We speak
  • You speak
  • They speak

Le verbe speak au present continuous

  • I am speaking
  • You are speaking
  • He/she/it is speaking
  • We are speaking
  • You are speaking
  • They are speaking

Le verbe speak au past simple

  • I spoke
  • You spoke
  • He/she/it spoke
  • We spoke
  • You spoke
  • They spoke

Le verbe speak au past continuous

  • I was speaking
  • You were speaking
  • He/she/it was speaking
  • We were speaking
  • You were speaking
  • They were speaking

Le verbe speak au present perfect

  • I have spoken
  • You have spoken
  • He/she/it has spoken
  • We have spoken
  • You have spoken
  • They have spoken

Le verbe speak au present perfect continuous

  • I have been speaking
  • You have been speaking
  • He/she/it has been speaking
  • We have been speaking
  • You have been speaking
  • They have been speaking

Le verbe speak au past perfect

  • I had spoken
  • You had spoken
  • He/she/it had spoken
  • We had spoken
  • You had spoken
  • They had spoken

Le verbe speak au past perfect continuous

  • I had been speaking
  • You had been speaking
  • He/she/it had been speaking
  • We had been speaking
  • You had been speaking
  • They had been speaking

Le verbe speak au future

  • I will speak
  • You will speak
  • He/she/it will speak
  • We will speak
  • You will speak
  • They will speak

Le verbe speak au future continuous

  • I will be speaking
  • You will be speaking
  • He/she/it will be speaking
  • We will be speaking
  • You will be speaking
  • They will be speaking

Le verbe speak au future perfect

  • I will have spoken
  • You will have spoken
  • He/she/it will have spoken
  • We will have spoken
  • You will have spoken
  • They will have spoken

Le verbe speak au future perfect continuous

  • I will have been speaking
  • You will have been speaking
  • He/she/it will have been speaking
  • We will have been speaking
  • You will have been speaking
  • They will have been speaking

Conjugaison du verbe speak au conditionnel

Le verbe speak au conditional present

  • I would speak
  • You would speak
  • He/she/it would speak
  • We would speak
  • You would speak
  • They would speak

Le verbe speak au conditional present continuous

  • I would be speaking
  • You would be speaking
  • He/she/it would be speaking
  • We would be speaking
  • You would be speaking
  • They would be speaking

Le verbe speak au conditional perfect

  • I would have spoken
  • You would have spoken
  • He/she/it would have spoken
  • We would have spoken
  • You would have spoken
  • They would have spoken

Le verbe speak au conditional perfect continuous

  • I would have been speaking
  • You would have been speaking
  • He/she/it would have been speaking
  • We would have been speaking
  • You would have been speaking
  • They would have been speaking

Les autres formes

L’infinitif de speak

  • to speak

Participe présent de speak

  • speaking

Participe passé de speak

  • spoken

L’impératif de speak

  • speak
  • let’s speak

Note : to speak est un verbe irréguliers. Découvrez tous les verbes irréguliers anglais.

Définition de speak en anglais

Que veut dire le verbe speak en anglais ?

Le Cambridge Dictionary donne plusieurs définitions du verbe speak.

Penchons-nous sur les principales :

1. To say words, to use the voice, or to have a conversation with someone

If someone is speaking too fast, ask them to slow down.
→ Si quelqu’un parle trop vite, demandez-lui de ralentir.

2. To (be able to) talk in a language

John is a polyglot who speaks seven languages fluently.
→ John est un polyglotte qui parle couramment sept langues.

3. To give a formal talk to a group of people

The President spoke to the nation on TV.
→ Le Président s’est adressé à la nation à la télévision.

4. To show or express something without using words

The smile on her face spoke volumes about that idea.
→ Le sourire sur son visage en disait long sur cette idée.

Pour accéder à l’intégralité de la page du Cambridge Dictionary, cliquez ici !

Les phrasal verbs avec speak en anglais

Rappel : les phrasal verbs (ou “verbes à particule”) sont des verbes qui, lorsqu’ils sont suivis d’un autre mot (la particule), voient leur sens initial complété ou modifié.

Voici les principaux phrasal verbs formés sur le verbe speak :

  • speak about something → parler de/discuter de quelque chose
  • speak for somebody → parler pour/s’exprimer au nom de quelqu’un
  • speak out → dire ce que l’on pense/ce que l’on a sur le cœur
  • speak out against something/somebody → s’élever contre/dénoncer quelqu’un/quelquechose
  • speak to something → témoigner de quelque chose
  • speak up → parler plus fort (familier)
  • speak up for somebody/something → défendre/prendre la défense de quelqu’un/quelquechose (familier)

Les synonymes de speak en anglais

En fonction du contexte, vous pouvez remplacer le verbe to speak par l’un des verbes suivants :

  • aver → affirmer/déclarer
  • chat → discuter
  • communicate → communiquer
  • converse → converser
  • declaim → déclamer
  • declare → déclarer
  • discourse → discourir
  • enunciate → énoncer
  • express → exprimer
  • gab → bavarder
  • orate → faire un discours
  • say → dire
  • talk → parler
  • tell → dire
  • utter → prononcer/dire
  • verbalize → verbaliser/oraliser

Expressions avec speak en anglais

  • as we speak → en ce moment même (familier)
  • right to speak (nom) → liberté d’expression
  • so to speak → pour ainsi dire / si l’on peut dire
  • speak for itself → être éloquent / parler de lui-même
  • speak for yourself → parler pour soi (familier)
  • speak highly of → dire beaucoup de bien de / vanter les mérites de
  • speak ill of → dire du mal de
  • speak of the devil! (interjection) → quand on parle du loup ! (lorsqu’arrive quelqu’un dont vousparliez)
  • speak soon! (interjection familière) → on se rappelle ! / à plus !
  • speak volumes → en dire long
  • speak with a forked tongue → pratiquer la langue de bois (surtout en politique…)
  • speak with your mouth full → parler la bouche pleine
  • speak your mind → dire ce que l’on pense / exprimer le fond de sa pensée

À l’image de to sleep, to run, to know, to feed et to come, to speak est un verbe irrégulier. Vous devez donc faire attention aux terminaisons du passé.

Ce cours vous a aidé ? Partagez votre avis !

0 / 5 Note moyenne 0
Camille Carollo

Ce cours d'anglais a été créé par Camille

Rédacteur web depuis 2012 et très à l’aise avec la langue de Shakespeare à l’écrit autant qu’à l’oral, il s’efforce de mettre sa plume au profit de cours, tutoriels et autres fiches de vocabulaire clairs, simples, et accessibles autant aux débutants qu’aux niveaux avancés !

Ses études littéraires et sa vie personnelle l’ont amené à vivre plusieurs années à Oxford, à Leeds et à Londres, avant de poser ses valises en région parisienne.

Découvrir Camille Carollo