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20 août 2021

De la conjugaison de speak en anglais à ses définitions, synonymes, expressions et phrasal verbs, découvrez tout ce qu’il faut savoir sur ce mot !

Tableaux de conjugaison de speak en anglais

Conjugaison du verbe speak à l’indicatif

Le verbe speak au present simple

  • I speak
  • You speak
  • He/she/it speaks
  • We speak
  • You speak
  • They speak

Le verbe speak au present continuous

  • I am speaking
  • You are speaking
  • He/she/it is speaking
  • We are speaking
  • You are speaking
  • They are speaking

Le verbe speak au past simple

  • I spoke
  • You spoke
  • He/she/it spoke
  • We spoke
  • You spoke
  • They spoke

Le verbe speak au past continuous

  • I was speaking
  • You were speaking
  • He/she/it was speaking
  • We were speaking
  • You were speaking
  • They were speaking

Le verbe speak au present perfect

  • I have spoken
  • You have spoken
  • He/she/it has spoken
  • We have spoken
  • You have spoken
  • They have spoken

Le verbe speak au present perfect continuous

  • I have been speaking
  • You have been speaking
  • He/she/it has been speaking
  • We have been speaking
  • You have been speaking
  • They have been speaking

Le verbe speak au past perfect

  • I had spoken
  • You had spoken
  • He/she/it had spoken
  • We had spoken
  • You had spoken
  • They had spoken

Le verbe speak au past perfect continuous

  • I had been speaking
  • You had been speaking
  • He/she/it had been speaking
  • We had been speaking
  • You had been speaking
  • They had been speaking

Le verbe speak au future

  • I will speak
  • You will speak
  • He/she/it will speak
  • We will speak
  • You will speak
  • They will speak

Le verbe speak au future continuous

  • I will be speaking
  • You will be speaking
  • He/she/it will be speaking
  • We will be speaking
  • You will be speaking
  • They will be speaking

Le verbe speak au future perfect

  • I will have spoken
  • You will have spoken
  • He/she/it will have spoken
  • We will have spoken
  • You will have spoken
  • They will have spoken

Le verbe speak au future perfect continuous

  • I will have been speaking
  • You will have been speaking
  • He/she/it will have been speaking
  • We will have been speaking
  • You will have been speaking
  • They will have been speaking

Conjugaison du verbe speak au conditionnel

Le verbe speak au conditional present

  • I would speak
  • You would speak
  • He/she/it would speak
  • We would speak
  • You would speak
  • They would speak

Le verbe speak au conditional present continuous

  • I would be speaking
  • You would be speaking
  • He/she/it would be speaking
  • We would be speaking
  • You would be speaking
  • They would be speaking

Le verbe speak au conditional perfect

  • I would have spoken
  • You would have spoken
  • He/she/it would have spoken
  • We would have spoken
  • You would have spoken
  • They would have spoken

Le verbe speak au conditional perfect continuous

  • I would have been speaking
  • You would have been speaking
  • He/she/it would have been speaking
  • We would have been speaking
  • You would have been speaking
  • They would have been speaking

Les autres formes

L’infinitif de speak

  • to speak

Participe présent de speak

  • speaking

Participe passé de speak

  • spoken

L’impératif de speak

  • speak
  • let’s speak

Définition de speak en anglais

Que veut dire le verbe speak en anglais ?

Le Cambridge Dictionary donne plusieurs définitions du verbe speak.

Penchons-nous sur les principales :

1. To say words, to use the voice, or to have a conversation with someone

Would you mind speaking more slowly, please?
→ Pourriez-vous parler plus lentement, s’il vous plaît ?

2. To (be able to) talk in a language

He speaks fluent French.
→ Il parle français couramment.

3. To give a formal talk to a group of people

Who is speaking in the debate tonight?
→ Qui prend la parole dans le débat ce soir ?

4. To show or express something without using words

She was silent, but her eyes spoke her real feelings for him.
→ Elle gardait le silence, mais ses yeux exprimaient ses vrais sentiments à son égard.

Pour accéder à l’intégralité de la page du Cambridge Dictionary, cliquez ici !

Les phrasal verbs avec speak en anglais

Rappel : les phrasal verbs (ou “verbes à particule”) sont des verbes qui, lorsqu’ils sont suivis d’un autre mot (la particule), voient leur sens initial complété ou modifié.

Voici les principaux phrasal verbs formés sur le verbe speak :

  • speak about something → parler de/discuter de quelque chose
  • speak for somebody → parler pour/s’exprimer au nom de quelqu’un
  • speak out → dire ce que l’on pense/ce que l’on a sur le cœur
  • speak out against something/somebody → s’élever contre/dénoncer quelqu’un/quelquechose
  • speak to something → témoigner de quelque chose
  • speak up → parler plus fort (familier)
  • speak up for somebody/something → défendre/prendre la défense de quelqu’un/quelquechose (familier)

Les synonymes de speak en anglais

En fonction du contexte, vous pouvez remplacer le verbe to speak par l’un des verbes suivants :

  • aver → affirmer/déclarer
  • chat → discuter
  • communicate → communiquer
  • converse → converser
  • declaim → déclamer
  • declare → déclarer
  • discourse → discourir
  • enunciate → énoncer
  • express → exprimer
  • gab → bavarder
  • orate → faire un discours
  • say → dire
  • talk → parler
  • tell → dire
  • utter → prononcer/dire
  • verbalize → verbaliser/oraliser

Expressions avec speak en anglais

  • as we speak → en ce moment même (familier)
  • right to speak (nom) → liberté d’expression
  • so to speak → pour ainsi dire/si l’on peut dire
  • speak for itself → être éloquent/parler de lui-même
  • speak for yourself → parler pour soi (familier)
  • speak highly of → dire beaucoup de bien de/vanter les mérites de
  • speak ill of → dire du mal de
  • speak of the devil! (interjection) → quand on parle du loup ! (lorsqu’arrive quelqu’un dont vousparliez)
  • speak soon! (interjection familière) → on se rappelle !/à plus !
  • speak volumes → en dire long
  • speak with a forked tongue → pratiquer la langue de bois (surtout en politique…)
  • speak with your mouth full → parler la bouche pleine
  • speak your mind → dire ce que l’on pense/exprimer le fond de sa pensée

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